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Pre-Schoolers and School-Age

  • A Primer for Preschooler Safety

    Your little ones can learn a lot about safety if you take some time to teach them. Here's an ABC that you and your children can recite together.

  • Biting

    Young children may bite others out of frustration or stress, or because they feel powerless. Infants and toddlers often bite as a way of exploring their world.

  • What Is Scalp Ringworm?

    Scalp ringworm isn’t caused by a worm. The infection is the result of a fungus, the same one that leads to athlete’s foot.

  • Stuttering

    Stuttering may occur in a child with normal developmental speech problems who is pressured to speak better. The child's struggle to improve speech actually makes the problem worse.

  • Preparing Your Child for Sleep-Away Camp

    Before making a decision on a camp, though, you should consider what kind of camping experience will benefit both your child and family.

  • Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Autism spectrum disorders, which include autistic disorder, affect children in different ways. Some children have mild symptoms, others have severe limitations.

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder

    A child with autism appears to live in his or her own world, showing little interest in others and a lack of social awareness.

  • Learning Disorders

    Learning disorders are sometimes called learning disabilities. Most children with learning disorders have normal intelligence, but they have difficulty with reading, math, or another academic area.

  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder

    Children with ODD may refuse to follow commands or requests made by parents, teachers, or other adults.

  • School Refusal

    School phobia can be seen in young children going to school for the first time, in older children who fear a bully or mean teacher, and in children who are anxious about leaving their parents.

  • Urinary Incontinence

    Enuresis is the medical term for bedwetting, or accidental urination in children who should be able to control their bladder. Girls usually have bladder control before boys do. The diagnosis of enuresis is for girls older than 5 and for boys older than 6.

  • Kyphosis

    Kyphosis is a forward curvature of the spine. It is a type of spinal deformity and should not be confused with poor posture.

  • Growing Up Short or Heavy Can Be Difficult

    When children believe they are different in some way, they feel bad. Whether because of their height or some other characteristic, they are going to be aware of differences.

  • Watch that Backpack Load

    When your child acts as if she’s carrying the weight of the world on her shoulders, maybe you should check her backpack.

  • Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children

    ADHD is a behavior disorder marked by inattention, impulsivity, and, in some cases, hyperactivity.

  • Scoliosis in Children

    Detailed information on scoliosis, including types, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Thumb Sucking

    Thumb sucking is normal in infants and young children. It shouldn't cause any permanent problems if your child stops by age 5.

  • Hypothyroidism in Children

    Congenital hypothyroidism occurs in about one in 3,500 to 4,000 live births and is about two times more common in girls than boys. Newborn screenings can lead to earlier treatment and reduce the risk for developmental delay.

  • Graves’ Disease (Hyperthyroidism) in Children

    The most common cause of hyperthyroidism in the U.S. is an autoimmune disorder called Graves’ disease. Children can develop Graves’ disease, although it's less common in kids than adults.

  • Achalasia in Children

  • Living with Aplastic Anemia

  • Encopresis

    Detailed information on encopresis, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

  • Retainers Keep Teeth from Shifting

    Whether you are a child or an adult, your orthodontist will want you to use a retainer after your braces are removed.