Diseases & Conditions

Having the right information is key to treating a cardiovascular condition. At Baptist Health System, we strive to stay up-to-date on the latest cardiovascular diseases and conditions. Below, we provide information on common cardiovascular conditions that we treat.

Acute Coronary Syndrome

Acute coronary syndrome occurs when blood supply to the heart is suddenly blocked. It is a medical emergency and chest pain is its main symptom.


Angina is chest pain that is caused by reduced blood flow to the heart.


An arrhythmia is an abnormal heart rhythm.


Atherosclerosis is the hardening of the arteries due to plaque build-up inside the arteries.

Atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation (AFib) is a quivering, irregular heartbeat that may cause stroke and other heart-related complications.

Cardiac Arrest

Cardiac arrest occurs when the heart suddenly stops working. It is a medical emergency.


Cardiomyopathy is an enlarged heart muscle. As the heart gets larger, it becomes weaker.

Congenital Heart Disease

Congenital heart defects are heart conditions that occur due to heart abnormalities present at birth. These defects can affect any part of the heart and can often be treated with surgery.

Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease refers to a buildup of plaque in the arteries of the heart. It can lead to a heart attack.

Enlarged Heart

An enlarged heart (cardiomegaly) isn't a disease, but rather a symptom of another condition.

Heart Attack

A heart attack occurs when blood flow to the heart is dramatically reduced. This loss of blood flow can cause portions of the heart muscle to die.

Heart Block

A heart block occurs when the electrical signal that causes the heart to pump is interrupted or stopped.

Heart Failure

Heart failure occurs when the heart is significantly weakened so that it can no longer adequately supply the body's cells with oxygen. Fatigue and shortness of breath make everyday activities difficult.

Infective (bacterial) Endocarditis

Infective endocarditis is an infection of the lining of the heart. It may be caused by bacteria and can lead to complications such as heart valve destruction and congestive heart failure.

Inherited Rhythm Disorders (IRDs)

Inherited rhythm disorders (IRDs) cause irregular heartbeats. IRDs can be managed with medication and other treatments.

Kawasaki Disease

This condition causes inflammation in the artery walls throughout the body, including the heart. Signs include high fever and peeling skin, and it’s most common in children of Asian descent who are younger than 5.

Long Q-T Syndrome

Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a heart rhythm disorder that may cause rapid, chaotic heartbeats. These rapid heartbeats may lead to sudden fainting, seizure or death.

Marfan Sydnrome

This inherited disorder affects the fibers that support and anchor your organs, called connective tissue. Marfan syndrome most commonly affects the heart, eyes, blood vessels and skeleton. The condition can be life-threatening if the heart or blood vessels are affected.


Pericarditis is the inflammation of the sac that surrounds the heart.

Rheumatic Heart Disease

Also called RHD, rheumatic heart disease is a chronic heart condition caused by rheumatic fever, which is caused by a strep infection. Treating strep with antibiotics can prevent rheumatic fever.

Valve Disorders

Valve disorders involve problems with the valves that regulate blood flow throughout the heart. In general, valves either harden or leak.